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Corporate Governance

Code of Conduct and Ethics for Directors, Officers and Employees

VIRCO MFG. CORPORATION CODE OF CONDUCT AND ETHICS FOR DIRECTORS, OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES

  • Purpose
  • Introduction
  • Integrity of Records and Public Reporting
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Corporate Opportunities
  • Confidentiality
  • Compliance with Laws, Rules and Regulations
  • Reporting Illegal or Unethical Behavior
  • Waivers

PURPOSE

The Board of Directors (the “Board”) of Virco Mfg. Corporation (the “Company”) has adopted the following Code of Conduct and Ethics (the “Code”) to apply to the Company’s directors, officers and employees. This Code is intended to focus directors, officers and employees on areas of ethical risk, provide guidance to help them recognize and deal with ethical issues, provide mechanisms to report unethical conduct, foster a culture of honesty and accountability, deter wrongdoing and promote fair and accurate disclosure and financial reporting.

This Code is a product of the Company’s corporate values, which are Voice, Dignity, Fairness, Leadership and Merit. These values direct the management of our Company. They also direct personal interactions with other employees, stockholders, customers, suppliers and competitors. We believe everyone is entitled to express their ideas: this is Voice. We believe everyone deserves to be treated with Dignity. In all activities we will be guided by Fairness. Every employee is expected to show Leadership in promoting the Company values. Finally, all activities and decisions will be evaluated on the basis of Merit. Upholding these values makes Virco a good place to work. All employees are expected to adhere to the Company’s corporate values as described in the employee handbook. This Code supplements, but does not supersede that obligation.

No code or policy can anticipate every situation that may arise. Accordingly, this Code is intended to serve as a source of guiding principles. Employees are encouraged to bring questions about particular circumstances that may involve one or more of the provisions of this Code to the attention of their supervisors. Directors and officers should bring any such questions to the Chair of the Audit Committee, who may consult with inside or outside legal counsel as appropriate.

INTRODUCTION

Each director, officer and employee is expected to adhere to a high standard of ethical conduct. The good name of the Company depends on the way directors, officers and employees conduct business and the way the public perceives that conduct. Unethical actions, or the appearance of unethical actions, are not acceptable. Directors, officers and employees are expected to be guided by the following principles in carrying out their responsibilities:

  • Loyalty. Directors, officers and employees should not be, or appear to be, subject to influences, interests or relationships that conflict with the interests of the Company.
  • Compliance with Applicable Laws. Directors, officers and employees are expected to comply with all laws, rules and regulations applicable to the Company’s activities.
  • Observance of Ethical Standards. Directors, officers and employees must adhere to high ethical standards in the conduct of their duties. These include honesty and fairness.

INTEGRITY OF RECORDS AND PUBLIC REPORTING

Directors, officers and employees must avoid any conflicts of interest between themselves and the Company. Any situation that involves, or may involve, a conflict of interest with the Company, should be disclosed promptly. Employees should bring the conflict of interest to the attention of their supervisor. Directors and officers should bring the conflict of interest to the attention of the Chair of the Audit Committee, who may consult with inside or outside legal counsel as appropriate.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST

A “conflict of interest” can occur when an individual’s personal interest is adverse to – or appears to be adverse to – the interests of the Company. Conflicts of interest also can arise when an individual, or a member of his or her immediate family, receives improper personal benefits as a result of his or her position with the Company. “Immediate family” includes a person’s spouse, parents, children, siblings, mothers and fathers-in-law, sons and daughters-in-law, brothers and sisters-in-law and anyone who shares such person’s home.

A “conflict of interest” can occur when an individual’s personal interest is adverse to – or appears to be adverse to – the interests of the Company. Conflicts of interest also can arise when an individual, or a member of his or her immediate family, receives improper personal benefits as a result of his or her position with the Company. “Immediate family” includes a person’s spouse, parents, children, siblings, mothers and fathers-in-law, sons and daughters-in-law, brothers and sisters-in-law and anyone who shares such person’s home.

This Code does not attempt to describe all possible conflicts of interest that could develop. Some of the more common conflicts from which directors, officers and employees must refrain, however, are set forth below.

  • Improper conduct and activities. Directors, officers and employees may not engage in any conduct or activity that is inconsistent with the Company’s interests or that disrupts or impairs the Company’s relationship with any person or entity with which the Company has or proposes to enter into a business or contractual relationship.
  • Compensation from non-Company sources. Directors, officers and employees may not accept compensation (in any form) for services performed for the Company from any source other than the Company.
  • Gifts. Directors, officers and employees and members of their immediate families may not accept gifts from persons or entities where any such gift is being made in order to influence their actions in their position with the Company, or where acceptance of the gift could create the appearance of a conflict of interest.
  • Personal use of Company assets. Directors and officers may not use Company assets, labor or information for personal use, other than incidental personal use, unless approved by the Chair of the Audit Committee or as part of a compensation or expense reimbursement program. Employees may not use Company assets, labor or information for personal use, other than incidental personal use, unless approved by their supervisor or as part of a compensation or expense reimbursement program.

CORPORATE OPPORTUNITIES

Directors, officers and employees are prohibited from: (a) taking for themselves personal opportunities related to the Company’s business; (b) using the Company’s property, information or position for personal gain; or (c) competing with the Company for business opportunities.

CONFIDENTIALITY

Directors, officers and employees should maintain the confidentiality of information entrusted to them by the Company and any other confidential information about the Company, its business, customers or suppliers, that comes to them, from whatever source, except when disclosure is authorized or legally mandated. For purposes of this Code, “confidential information” includes all non-public information relating to the Company, its business, customers or suppliers.

COMPLIANCE WITH LAWS, RULES AND REGULATIONS

Directors, officers and employees shall comply with all governmental laws, rules and regulations applicable to the Company, including insider trading laws. They also must provide all constituents, including the Securities and Exchange Commission if required, with information that is accurate, complete, objective, relevant, timely and understandable. Transactions in Company securities are governed by the Company’s Stock Trading Window Policy.

REPORTING ILLEGAL OR UNETHICAL BEHAVIOR

Employees should communicate any actual or suspected violations of this Code promptly to their supervisors. If an employee has concerns regarding accounting or auditing matters, the employee may submit those concerns to the Audit Committee by calling the Audit Committee Hotline at (800) 203-7599 (English) or (800) 308-8812 (Spanish). Calls to the Audit Committee Hotline may be made anonymously and will be treated as confidential.

Directors and officers should communicate any actual or suspected violations of this Code (and any concerns regarding accounting or auditing matters) to the Chair of the Audit Committee.

Violations of this Code will be investigated by the Board of Directors or by a person or persons designated by the Board, and appropriate disciplinary action will be taken in the event of any violations of the Code, up to and including termination. Directors, officers and employees may not be retaliated against for reporting actual or suspected violations of this Code in good faith. If a director, officer or employee believes that he or she has been discharged, disciplined or otherwise penalized for reporting a violation in good faith, he or she should immediately report that belief to the Chair of the Audit Committee

WAIVERS

Any waivers of this Code for directors and officers must be approved by the Board.